Kesho UK Trustees Annual Report - 11th January 2012 to 31st December 2012



Kesho UK is a charity registered with the UK Charities Commission on 19th January 2012; registration number 1145531.

The registered address is:

Phoenix Cottage
Blacksmiths Lane
South Littleton
WR11 8TW

Kesho UK was established in January 2012 with the aim of improving life chances through education for disadvantaged young people in the Coastal Province of Kenya, focusing on an underperforming area located 50km north of Mombasa.

The Trustees have identified that the most effective way this can be done at present is through raising funds and providing support to a Kenyan organisation, also called Kesho, although this does not exclude the award of grants or assistance to other organisations in the same geographical area.

In Kenya, Kesho Organisation have a significant and impressive track record in providing educational opportunities, over many years, starting at a primary level and providing support right the way through to University and since its founding in 2004 it has supported an incredible figure of 551 children. In 2015 a total of 314 children are supported through school.

Although a significant amount of funding is from individual sponsors, who support directly the education of specific children, it was thought that an education fund for occasional donations would also suit other donors better. Now a donor can choose whether to pay school fees for a particular child or pay as little or as much as they want into the "Education Fund" which currently helps 25 children. In addition, Kesho Organisation receives funding from many funding bodies to support administration, development and outreach projects.

Kilifi County Guidelines on Child Protection have been developed by Isabel Mwangi, Kesho's Child Protection Officer, she has developed an easy to use manual on referral procedures to help everyone understand how to report abuse when it happens. The Children's Department will be the custodian of the guidelines and help coordinate the process by sharing among the judiciary, police, local chiefs and doctors. Kesho takes Child Protection very seriously. The guidelines have been rolled out in 9 schools in 2015 and 4 community protection units consisting of 86 people has been formed.

As Kesho UK is run by volunteers, it has no administration costs, again making it a very effective funding channel. Aside from individual sponsors, Kesho UK receives occasional other grants or donations, which are used to support the services that Kesho Organisation in Kenya provide.

Kesho UK would like to thank all those who have supported it since being established, and look forward to continuing support for the good work that Kesho Organisation in Kenya is doing in providing access to development opportunities for those that it is able to help.

Pauline Lowe
Kesho UK Chair


Kesho UK has four trustees, Pauline Lowe, Angela Cary-Brown, Geoff Powell and Sally Bagenal. Below is a short summary, written by each, where they tell how they became involved with Kesho.

Pauline Lowe - Chair

I worked as the Unit Administrator for the KEMRI-Wellcome Trust Programme based in Kilifi, Kenya for 18 years before returning to Oxford in 2010, I am now retired. I became involved with Kesho UK due to my friendship with Kate Nokes, the current CEO. I had seen my Kenyan colleagues struggling to educate their children and knew many people could not afford the school fees relative to their monthly earnings. I have sponsored a child through secondary school and was also a member of the Rotary Club of Kilifi which managed to secure funds from Rotary Foundation to sponsor 33 children from 2008.

I walked on the Great Wall of China in October 2010 to raise funds for Kesho Organisation. In July 2013 I intend to cycle from London to Paris with my partner Geoff to raise funds. I visit Kilifi every year and have carried out an annual operational and financial review in 2011 and 2012. As treasurer of Kesho UK I hope to continue to support the work of Kesho Organisation in Kilifi.

Geoff Powell - Treasurer

I was introduced to Kesho by Pauline Lowe when I worked in the computer Services department of Oxford Brookes University. When Pauline explained the good work that Kesho were doing in Kilifi, I arranged for a number of 'old' laptops to be donated from Oxford Brookes. Whilst being underpowered for their use they were perfect for kesho and when Pauline and I visited Kilifi in 2013 we took them over. Since then I have helped Pauline with the work she has done as a trustee. I have created and manage the Kesho UK website. I am now proud to be a trustee and Treasurer for them.

Angela Cary-Brown

Being married to a Civil Engineer has involved living in many different countries so when my sister decided to move to Kenya, we naturally went to visit. Africa was new to me and I was completely overwhelmed by the beauty of the people and the scenery. My sister was involved with Kesho Organisation in Kilifi and I saw the wonderful work they were doing to help young people achieve their potential. Over the last few years, I have sponsored children through their secondary education and enjoyed hosting two exceptional young people from Kilifi who did work experience in my children's school. So when Kesho UK was founded the next step for me was to become a trustee. My aim is to build awareness of Kesho Organisation and organise fund raising events so that more local children can benefit from secondary education.

Sally Bagenal

Sally was a board member of Kesho Organisation, Kilifi Kenya from 2008 to 2013. She was executive chair of the board in 2012.

Sally is Director of SROI (Social Return on Investment) Africa consultancy, she has carried out a SROI for Kesho, Kenya.

By capturing the whole story of what Kesho are doing (good and bad, social, environmental and economic) it really quantified the total impact of their work on the community; all other impact measures look at individual elements and miss the less tangible things.

SROI is understood by donors so it's a great help in supporting Kesho's grant applications.


Kesho UK’s governing document is by Trust Deed. Kesho is a charity constituted as a Trust. Kesho UK trustees are all volunteers, have some connection with Kenya and bring various areas of expertise to the organisation.

The Kesho UK charity consists of a small team of four trustees who provide support on a voluntary basis, with extensive experience through the track record of the trustees. The current chairman of Kesho UK, Pauline Lowe was employed by Oxford University to work in Kilifi for 17 years as the Administrator of the Wellcome Trust funded Research Centre, she has an MBA. Sally Bagenal has worked for many years in Africa, currently with Wems Agro Ltd. In Nigeria and their corporate social responsibility. Sally also carried out a very useful Social Return on Investment exercise for Kesho, Kenya in 2012. For every £1 spent on students there is a social return on investment of £18; measurable improvements in the lives of the children, their families and their country. As Kesho UK trustees we provide strong governance input whilst holding 'non-executive' roles.

Kesho UK receives funds from individual sponsors, schools, Rotary Clubs and other fund raisers and arranges the award of funds to educational charities in Kilifi County, Kenya. Currently we support one charity called Kesho Organisation. Kesho UK disperse funds periodically to Kesho Organisation, Kesho Organisation also receive funds directly in Kenya. Kesho UK have confidence in Kesho Organisation’s ability to spend these funds according to the needs of the community.

Kesho UK have financial oversight of Kesho Organisation by receiving bi-monthly financial reports from them indicating total income and expenditure for Kesho Organisation as well as identifying expenditure of Kesho UK income. Kesho UK have found the accounting by Kesho Organisation to be accurate and transparent.


The objectives of Kesho UK are;

To advance education among children and young people in Kilifi, Kenya. In particular but not exclusively, through the provision of grants to Kesho Organisation and other charities or organisations to advance education in Kenya and by such other means as the Trustees determine.

To promote the efficiency and effectiveness of charities, not for profit and voluntary organisations working to advance education in Kenya for the benefit of the public by provision of management advice and practical support.

Note 1:

For the purpose of this clause charities are organisations which are established exclusively for charitable purposes in accordance with the laws of England and Wales.

Voluntary and not for profit organisations are independent organisations which are established for purposes that add value to the community as a whole, or a significant section of the community and which are not permitted by their constitution to make a profit for private distribution. Voluntary organisations do not include local government or other statuary authorities.
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These are the main activities undertaken by Kesho UK in 2012 for the public benefit in relation to these objects:

  • collection of funds from individual donors, Rotary clubs, schools
  • collection of donations to sponsor fundraising events
  • claiming gift aid on those donations
  • awarding grants to Kesho Organisation and Moving The Goalposts
  • attending 2 trustee meetings per year
  • visiting the project in Kilifi by 3 trustees in 2015
  • encouraging public engagement through raising awareness in schools in the UK


Kesho Organisation have achieved the following in 2015:

All Kesho Organisation activities focus on the improvement of educational and employment opportunities for vulnerable and disadvantaged children in Kilifi and Ganze districts of Kenya and are undertaken to further their charitable purposes for the public benefit.

The children Kesho Organisation supports are among the most vulnerable members of the community and among the poorest 4% in the district who can't afford the 10 US cents a day it costs to send a child to school.

In Kilifi and Ganze there are 127 and 68 primary schools respectively. Kilifi and Ganze Counties consistently under‐perform educationally, ranking in the bottom 20% nationally, negatively impacting on its development and its people.

As a county, Kilifi schools examination grades ranked them at 40th out of 47 in the country. Every child has a right to education yet ~ 4% of primary children are out of school and over half leave school below the age of 15 years, before completing secondary education.

There are no national statistics collected on the number of children who do not attend secondary school due to poverty. It is these young vulnerable children ,from extremely challenged and complicated families who Kesho Organisation help to enrol, and give individual, holistic long‐term support needed to thrive in this challenging context.

The Millennium Goals in Kenya identified Kilifi for future investment and development;

Kesho Organisation is preparing these young and professional leaders of the future to take up the exciting opportunities on the horizon and make a positive change to their region.

Kesho students have a real chance of breaking the cycle of poverty 68% have entered university or college – amazing given the county average of 13%, 47% have entered University – amazing given the county average of 3%.

3 students are at University studying Medicine, Law and Economics.

Secondary school academic performance has been exemplary; 82% scored A to C in their end of year exams.

Kesho Organisation’s enrichment activities are contributing to their success:

  • Younger children are becoming passionate about reading ‐ over half of younger Kesho children living within walking distance voluntarily attend the resource centre daily during the holidays and bring friends to read and relax – a chance to be a child – something which is often overlooked in interventions addressing poverty. 85% of children enrolled in the reading programme become readers compared to 51% of children of a comparable age not in the programme.

  • 3 book clubs with 178 children attending.

  • Kesho Organisation reading support programme is reaching out to over 319 Kesho children in 4 primary schools

  • Adult literacy programme was launched in 2015 with 25 adults enrolled.

  • Youth development is very important to Kesho Organisation the life skills programme focuses on HIV prevention, sexual and reproductive health in the context of HIV/AIDS, reaching 102 children.

  • IT and Entrepreneurship Training for 38 youths.

  • Many Kesho school leavers are members of the Kesho Alumni with 37% also active volunteers.

Moving the Goalposts

Kesho UK also granted funds to Moving the Goalposts. Girls and women in Kilifi District, Kenya are some of the world's poorest and most disadvantaged people. Low retention in school, early and unwanted pregnancies and vulnerability to HIV/AIDS trap them in a cycle of poverty. Moving the Goalposts Kilifi (MTG) uses local and youth centred approaches to tackle these issues ensuring girls' participation as leaders and decision makers. The project uses football to develop essential life skills – confidence, leadership, self esteem – of vulnerable young women. Football also provides a unique entry point for reproductive health, human rights and economic empowerment initiatives.

Fundraising initiatives in 2015

Kesho UK's past chair Neil Davis cycled from Lands End to John O'Groats over 9 days in September 2015. This is what Neil said on his fundraising page:-

I used to cycle 7 miles each way to school when I was 16, so surely now in my 50's, a 960 mile ride across Britain should be possible ? Age aside, my trip to school was flat (I grew up near Cambridge) whereas this ride is not. But it's there, and it needs to done.

Kesho is a great charity, offering access to education for the most disadvantaged of children on the East Coast of Kenya. FPS have supported them for a number of years so this just adds a little more to that support.

As part of a group ride, so I'll have fellow riders to share the fun with, we are cycling 'LEJOG' over 9 days in September.

I am really doing it because it's there, but several people have asked if they can sponsor me, so why not I say.

If a few people can put in 1p a mile, plus I zigzag a little, that gets us to say £10' plus a little gift aid, well it all mounts up.



Principal Funding Sources

Kesho UK funds are mainly derived from individuals who make a long‐term commitment to education in the Kilifi and Ganze area of Kenya by setting up monthly direct debits. Funds for sponsorships account for 64.3% of our total income, all these funds are used exclusively for support of individual students.

Grants awarded in 2015 from Oakdene Foundation, Oakhampton Rotary Club, Maurits Mulder Canter Charity, Tunaweza trustees, FPS Distribution Ltd, STJ Spinney Eynsham Rotary Club, Anna Seale asked for donations to Kesho instead of wedding presents.This amounted to 18% of funds raised and were used for student financing and enrichment.

Administration costs in Kenya were funded partly by Gift Aid remittances of £2,391.00.

Kesho UK Income & Expenditure statement

KESHO UK financial period 11.1.12 to 31.12.12

 Sponsor  Income (£)  Beneficiary  Expenditure (£)
 Individual donations  33,500    
 Grant making bodies  11,176    
 Fund raising activities  4,035    
 HMRC  2,931    
 Audit fees      50
 Bank charges      61
     Kesho Organisation  54,223
     Moving The Goalposts  100
 Total  51,642    54,434

Kesho UK statement of balances

KESHO UK financial period 1.1.15 to 31.12.15

 Opening Balance  £5,477.84
 Income  £51,642
 Expenditure  £54,434
 Closing balance  £2,686.24

Kesho UK awarded a total of £54,223 to Kesho Organisation which was used in the following way; the percentage of expenditure on individual programmes was 77.5% of total expenditure on financing education, 22% on Enrichment and 0.5% on Compassionate Relief/Healthcare/Child Protection.

Kesho UK also awarded Moving the Goalposts £100.

Kesho UK trustees offer their services on a voluntary basis and do not take a salary or expenses for their management of Kesho UK charity.

Kesho UK has no formal policy on reserves but we have the aim of broadly balancing income and expenditure in each financial year. Any increase or decrease in balances held between the start and end of any year will therefore typically by a function of timing differences between receiving income and awarding grants.


The trustees declare that they have approved the trustees' report above.

Pauline Lowe - Chair

Geoff Powell - Treasurer

20th September 2016